AFRICA RESILIENCE NETWORK
& INSTITUTE OF WAR AND PEACE REPORTING
GRADUATE PROJECT (SHORT PIECE)
The Spread Of Fake News On Covid-19 Among Hausa Communities Of Kano
NAME: Bashir Sani Abubakar
Online Mentor: Lou is on
National Mentor: Dr. Obiora Chukwumba
Legal adviser: Barister Abdul Mahmud
Medical Adviser: Laz Eze
4th, June 2021
TITLE: CONVERTING MISNFORMATION IN HAUSA COMMUNITIES
TARGET AUDIENCE: Kano Hausa youths.
AIM: The aim of this investigation is to unravel how Covid-19 fake news affects Hausa youths in Kano state.
To find out the main sources of fake news;
- To find out which fake news affects youths more;
- Does level of education plays a role in spreading fake news?
- Does gender affects spreading of fake news?
- How does age plays a role in accepting fake news?
Interview: We have interviewed Youths (both male and female) to know how fake news affects them.
We have also interviewed stake holders in fighting the spread of fake news in order to know which methodology they apply in tackling the menace.
Questionnaire: Sampling peoples’ view, through sourcing information, where several people in Kano bared their opinions on how fake news affects them.
Presentation of Data:
Summation of those who answered our questions: About 300 people.
Coming across fake news:
About 86.1 percent persons that answered our questions have indicated that they came across fake news, while 14.6 percent say they did not encounter such.
Types of fake news that Kano youths often came across:
- Covid-19 pandemic is fraud, it was created artificially;
- Whoever contacted Coronavirus will die;
- Covid-19 vaccine prevents getting pregnancy, and also causes blood clotting;
- One can contact Coronavirus through the use of face mask;
- Coronavirus traditional medication has been found in Kano state;
- Only rich people contacts Covid-19;
- Coronavirus originates from Bat;
- Those who receives covid-19 vaccine will die in two years;
- Coronavirus cannot not affects black people of Africa;
- Coronavirus cannot affects Muslims, and it was created by western world in order to cut down the size of Muslims communities;
- Boiled water and tamarind serves as medication for coronavirus;
- People under the age of 40 will never contracted covid-19;
- Ginger cures covid-19;
- Coronavirus surfaces in China because they maltreats Muslims in their country;
- Coronavirus victims will turn barking like dogs;
- Shea butter cures covid-19;
- Whoever infected with coronavirus will never recover;
- Covid-19 is airborne disease;
- Garlic cures coronavirus;
- Salt cures covid-19;
- Coronavirus emanates from 5G network;
- Chloroquine injection cures covid-19;
- We have heard that there is no single person in Isolation Centre, the authorities are just pretending;
- Only those traveling by air gets infected with covid-19;
- Honey cures coronavirus;
- We heard that those in isolation centres in Kano don’t have coronavirus;
HOW CORONAVIRUS FAKE NEWS AFFECTS KANO YOUTHS:
- Initially I did not believe in coronavirus because I thought it is a lie;
- I drank boiled water as guard against it;
- Initially I thought coronavirus originate from bat;
- I once have a believe that whoever infected with coronavirus will eventually die;
- I got frightened;
- I believe that whoever infected with coronavirus will end up barking like Dog;
- I ate so much ginger and garlic;
- I believe it was created to down size the world population;
- I prevent my family form going out for two weeks, because it is an airborne disease;
- I use neem tree leaves as vaccine;
- As a result of fake news, a lot of my friends deserted me because I tried to educate them but they failed to understand;
- I stopped using face mask for a while;
- I really got worried, thinking that whenever I go to mosque I will be infected;
- I have a believe that everyone will die eventually;
- I take so much honey as protection against it;
- I often bathed with salt water;
- I got afraid to the extent that I did not go for test;
- I stopped using face mask;
- I was ashamed of myself because I told some of my relatives that covid-19 do not affect black people.
WHERE DO PEOPLE CAME ACROSS FAKE NEWS?
About 257 persons who answered our questions, say they often encountered fake news on social media platforms, while some others got theirs on tea joints or at gathering places, while some few got it from mainstream media.
DOES AGE AFFECTS BELIEVING IN FAKE NEWS?
The statistics gathered from our findings, shows that people between the ages of 20 to 30 mostly came across the fake news, which is 50.2 percent, and those from 30 to above have 43.5 percent, while those from 20 down accumulate 6.3 percent.
This is the breakdown of our findings:
Which gender group associates note with fake news?
Based on answers we gathered, about 90 percent of people coming across fake news are males, while 9 percent are females.
DO EDUCATION LEVEL PLAYS A ROLE ON BELIEVING FAKE NEWS?
Our indices and statistics shows that those with Diploma are at the forefront of coming across fake news with 29.8 percent, Degree holders have 28 percent, NCE holders have 17.1 percent, while those with SSCE accumulates 8.7 percent.
These findings have shown that fake news has negatively affected the settings, hence, people failed to understand the impact of the pandemic.
So also it became the stumbling block in believing whether coronavirus is real or otherwise, that is why some people did not go for vaccination and did not take measures to checkmate the spread of the disease.
A lot of people succumb to drinking boiled water, salt water, honey and garlic as vaccines.
Spreading fake news causes enmity between people of different cultural and religious backgrounds.
- There is need for wider coverage in terms of public enlightenment in Hausa on how to source a news and spread it properly.
- Public must be enlightened on precautionary measures to be taking whenever someone come across fake news.
- Mainstream media should be taken into cognizance in public awareness, as well as social media platforms, and also using town cries could be another option.
- It is imperative for the authorities concerned to take all needed action against those who spread fake news in order to serve as deterrent to the society in general.
This is just some part of our investigation on how spreads of fake news affects Hausa youths in Kano state, more are coming in the nearer future.
This publication was produced as part of IWPR’s Africa Resilience Network (ARN)programme, administered in partnership with the Centre for Information Resilience(CIR), the International Centre for Investigative Reporting (ICIR) and Africa Uncensored. For more information on ARN, please visit the ARN site.